Gluten Free Diet (GFD)
A person with Celiac disease should consume Gluten Free Diet(GFD) for life. Adherence to this diet is important as even a small amount of gluten in diet may silently damage your health. However it doesn't stop you or your child from eating a variety of foods and enjoying life to the fullest.
It is important to understand people with Celiac are nutritionally challenged because of malabsorption of nutrients in their small intestine. Therefore, care should be taken to plan a nutritionally balanced Gluten free diet containing adequate amount of calories, proteins and fats. Nutritional supplements with adequate amount of vitamins and minerals are usually prescribed to correct deficiencies that may occur in Celiac.
Patients should follow up with doctors and nutritionists regularly. This will help in
1. Resolving any health concerns and associated disorders or complications that may arise
2. Monitoring weight in adults, and growth and development in children
3. Getting blood tests done for detecting nutritional deficiencies
4. Assessing adherence to the GFD by diet history and estimation of antibodies in blood.
5. Assessing the need for other investigations, such as further biopsies,bone scans etc.
Foods items that shouldn’t be had :
1. Wheat, Other varieties of wheat (spelt, kamut, durum) , Barley , Rye (cereal of European origin shouldn’t be confused with mustard seeds)
2. Oats, Triticale (this is similar to wheat)
Free intake of following food items is allowed:
1. Cereals: Rice, buckwheat, maize, bajra, millets, ragi, amaranth, potato starch, tapioca starch, sago, corn meal, quinoa, corn starch, arrowroot
2. Vegetables & Pulses, and flours made out of them (besan, soya flour, moong dal flour)
3. Fruits , Nuts
4. Meat, fish, poultry, eggs
5. Cheese and milk
6.Others: Spirits, wines, liqueurs and ciders, whisky (except malt whisky)
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