Hair Care to avoid damage to hair strands and reduce hair fall

A lot of my patients who come for diet for hair loss treatment keep asking me which shampoo should I use or how should I comb my hair or should I use perming and hair colours. After collating all the questions I thought it would be good to share my thoughts on the blog for the benefit of all:

Washing – Hair Should be washed with cold to luke warm water. Remember too hot water is not good for hair as it can damage hair and also irritate scalp. People can follow some standard guidelines for washing hair
a) For dry hair – 2 times a week
b) For Normal hair – 3 times a week
c) For oily hair – 7 times a week

Which Shampoo to use?

The optimum pH balance of scalp has been calculated as 6.5. Accordingly a mild shampoo with pH balance of 6.5 sould be used. Harsh shampoos can damage strands.

How to Shampoo ?
Wet hair and scalp with water. Best method is to start using shampoo with the scalp and roots of hair and then gently massage down to the ends of the haor. Gently run fingers through the hair to make sure that the shampoo is evenly distributed, especially if you have thick hair. Wait for 2-3 minutes and then rinse the shampoo with fre flowing water. Females generally end up squeezing their hair – this should be avoided as wet hair are fragile and weak and will get damaged easily.

Is Conditioner required after shampooing
Conditioner is recommended after shampooing to replace moisture that has been lost while cleaning of hair. It serves as a source of protein which attaches to the hair thereby protecting hair strands from breakage while aiding detangling and manageability. Conditioner should be applied in the same manner as the shampoo and one needs to wait for 2-3 minutes before rinsing it off.

Drying – Is Blow dry recommended ?
Hair should be allowed to dry naturally. Avoid blow drying. A hair dryer releases gusts at high temperature (~300C) that can cause hair to break. In case you want to still go ahead and use the dryer hold it more than 6 inches away from your hair when using it and use it low to medium heat.

Rubbing with Towel                                                                                                                   
Vigourous rubbing of hair should be avoided as it weakens the hair roots and aggravates hair loss.

Type of Comb – Comb should be wide toothed. Hair brushes should be avoided as it has a larger surface area which can fracture hair shaft. Never comb wet hair as hair is elastic when moist and can reach its breaking point.

Hairstyles – A hairstyle that puts pressue on the hair like tight ponytails can cause damage to the hair. One should also keep changing ones hairstyle often to avoid damage to one section of hair.

Oiling – Hair oil acts as a moisturizer for the hair and scalp. It is advisable to apply at night and shampoo the next morning. Avoid excessive oil application and keeping oil on for longer than overnight as it attracts dust and grime.

Colouring – Hair colour contains alkaline chemicals such as ammonia, hydrogen peroxide etc that can penetrate and damage the hair. In case one wants to colour hair – ammonia free hair colour should be used which is less damaging.

Hair Treatment – Chemical treatments for perming, ironing, crimping and straightening should be avoided as they damage the hair strands.

For more information on what to eat to improve your hair loss condition users can visit