Diagnosis of diabetes may disturb the normal life of person and his whole family. Elevated blood sugar levels must be brought down within the normal range with the help of appropriate medications, proper diet modifications and certain lifestyle modifications. But there are certain things which are to be taken care of, from the minute when the occurrence of diabetes is confirmed.
Prognosis of Diabetes:
Diabetes can increase the risk of occurrence of co-morbidities as follows:
* Cardiovascular problems
* Neurological problems
* Renal problems
* Foot ulcerations
* Muscle wasting etc.
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Living with diabetes:
Reduction of risk of the above mentioned complications and leading a healthy life would be the primary focus when it comes to the management of diabetes management. The following are few points which should be taken care of to lead a normal life with diabetes.
–> Track your weight:
Even though weight loss and muscle wasting may be noted in certain cases during onset of diabetes, maintenance of appropriate weight is a big deal for diabetics. Obesity is one among the major issues associated with diabetes and so maintain a track record about your BMI (Body Mass Index) to be on safer side and to reduce the risk of complications.
* Reduce the intake of high calorie (like refined cereals), high sugary(like sweets, chocolates) and high fat foods(like deep fried items).
* Intake of high fiber foods (like whole grains, vegetables) should be increased.
* Meals should be taken in small and frequent intervals (5-6 times/day) in order to avoid fluctuations in blood glucose levels.
* Drinking adequate fluid in order to avoid dehydration is mandatory.
–>Routine physical activity and active lifestyle:
Physical activity should be a part of daily routine and staying active throughout day is extremely important.
–>Quit smoking and excessive alcohol intake:
Smoking and excessive alcohol intake would have significant impact on blood glucose levels and may aggravate the severity of condition.
–>Do not miss your appointment with your diabetes-care team:
Meeting endocrinologist to know the required dosages of medicines required in frequent intervals and nutritionist/dietician to monitor dietary practices is very important.
–>Overcome myths about diabetes:
There are certain common myths regarding diet management of diabetes as follows which shouldn’t be believed.
Myth: Diabetics should take special foods on market.
Fact: Normal foods made at home can be eaten by diabetic people with certain restrictions.
Myth: Diabetics should not eat fruits at all.
Fact:Fruits are good source of certain vitamins, minerals and fiber. Low glycemic index fruits (like guava, citrus fruits etc) can be consumed in moderation.
Myth: Dairy products shouldn’t be consumed by diabetic people.
Fact: Dairy products are good sources of calcium and protein and so can be consumed by diabetic people in prescribed limits.
Living a normal life with diabetes is quite easy with proper understanding about the facts and myths related to it.
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