Today’s fast moving world has made us used to several comforts as well as has pushed us towards excess tension and stress levels which may turn into a serious silent killer illness called ‘Hypertension’. Irrespective of age, people of both genders are nowadays more prone to hypertension. Consistent elevation of pressure exerted by blood on the wall of arteries is known as high blood pressure or hypertension. The levels of blood pressure categorization are as follows:

-Normal: Less than 120/80
-Pre-hypertension: 120-139/80-89
-Hypertension: 140/90
-Stage 2 hypertension: 160/100

There may be multiple causes of hypertension like increased body weight (when BMI exceeds 25), lack of physical activity (due to unavailability of time/ laziness), lack of adequate sleep (due to night shifts/excess workloads/travel), improper foods habits (like intake of high salted foods/preserved foods/junk foods) or existing co-morbidities (like fluctuating blood sugar levels/kidney related problems) etc.

However certain dietary and lifestyle modifications would help a lot in managing hypertension, some of which are as follows:

* A proper healthy diet (adequate carbohydrate and protein, low fat) in required quantities and proper time, with adequate nutrients and fiber is mandatory.
Drinking plenty of water will help in maintaining proper blood pressure levels.
Regular exercising of at least 30 minutes of aerobic a day would help a lot.
Quit smoking.
Limit alcohol intake.
Limit the addition of salt in diet and make sure that it is less than 1,500 mg per day.
Reducing stress with practices like meditation, listening to music or practicing yoga might reduce blood pressure levels.
Maintain a proper body weight. To know more about an effective weight loss program: http://www.rxocean.com/Weight-Loss-Programs.php

In many cases there may not be evident symptoms when the blood pressure levels are high. But it is always advisable to monitor the blood pressure levels periodically at least once in every six months.