In case one is obese and is suffering from type 2 diabetes , losing weight can definitely help. Some patients after losing weight can easily get off insulin and other medications. Weight loss also helps in lowering the blood sugar and improves overall health.
As a number of health issues like High BP, Low BP, Liver, Kidney problems etc can crop up for people suffering from diabetes hence when on a diabetes weight loss plan, it’s important to work closely with doctor or diabetologist and a dietitian / dietician. While dieting, blood sugar, insulin, and medications need special attention and should be constantly monitored by the diabetologist.
Cutting back on just one meal can affect the delicate balance of blood sugar, insulin, and medication in body hence it’s important to work with an expert when on diet so as to ensure that blood sugar and glucose levels are in control. Doctors suggest cutting 500 calories a day, which is considered to be safe for people suffering with diabetes.
Calories should be cut across the board i.e. from protein, carbohydrates, and fat. People with diabetes should maintain a healthy ratio of carbs, fat, and protein in their diet. The ideal ratios (for energy derived from food) are as under:
* 50% to 55% from carbs
* 30% from fat
* 10% to 15% from protein
One needs to be very careful with carbohydrates in diet because carbohydrates have the biggest effect on blood sugar, since they are broken down into sugar early in digestion. Eating complex carbs (whole-grain bread and vegetables, for example) is good because they are absorbed more slowly into the bloodstream thus cutting the risk of blood sugar spikes. (White bread should be avoided, Whole wheat bread is better than white bread. Adding little peanut butter can be beneficial )
Simply cutting lots of carbohydrates which is a common dieting strategy can be dangerous in case of diabetics. When body doesn’t have carbs to burn for fuel, metabolism changes into what’s known as ketosis i.e. body starts buring fat instead of carbs. In case of Ketosis, people feel less hungry and eat less than usual but long-term ketosis can cause health problems. Ketosis decreases oxygen delivery to the tissues, which puts stress on eyes, kidneys, heart, liver. That’s why the low-carb, high-protein Atkins diet is not really safe for people with diabetes. Diabetics need to try to stick with a more balanced diet so your body can handle nutrients without going into ketosis.
Although given the benefits of losing weight in case of diabetics are immense but it is not that easy to achieve weight loss goals for diabetics. Looking at all the above listed complications it is a must that people suffering from Diabetes are under the constant supervision of a diabetologist and a nutritionist.